Difference Between Hard Anodic Oxidation and White Anodizing

lean tube

Difference Between Hard Anodic Oxidation and White Anodizing

The main purpose of Hard Anodic Oxidation Coating is to improve the properties of aluminum and aluminum alloys. Including corrosion resistance, wear resistance, weather fastness, insulation, and adsorption. It is suitable for extruding aluminum alloy and casting aluminum alloy parts.


This article introduces the series:

1-Characteristics of Hard Anodic Oxidation Coating
2-Working Principle of Hard Anodic Oxidation
3-Difference Between Hard Anodic Oxidation and White Anodizing
4-Several Classifications for Hard Anodic Oxidation Treatment of Aluminium Profiles
5-Precautions for Hard Anodic Oxidation Staining of Aluminium Profiles

Difference Between Hard Anodic Oxidation and White Anodizing
Advantages of hard anodic oxidation

1-The surface hardness of aluminum alloy after hard anodic oxidation can reach up to HV500.
2-The oxide film thickness is 25-250μm.
3-Strong adhesion. According to the oxidation film characteristics generated by hard oxidation, 50% of the resulting oxide film permeates into aluminum, and 50% attaches to the surface of the aluminum alloy (Inner and outer two-way growth).
4-Good insulation: the breakdown voltage can reach 2000V (perfect sealing hole).
5-Good wear resistance: for aluminium alloy containing less than 2% copper, its maximum wear index is 3.5mg/1000 RPM. All other alloy wear indices should not exceed 1.5mg/1000 RPM.
6-Non-toxic: oxidation film and electrochemical process used to produce anodic oxide film should be harmless to human body.

So many industries in order to reduce the weight of the product, mechanical processing convenience, environmental protection requirements, such as low at present, some parts of products by the hard anodized aluminum alloy instead of stainless steel, hard chrome plating, etc.


Difference Between Hard Anodic Oxidation and White Anodizing
The oxide film of hard anodic oxidation is 50% permeated into aluminium alloy, and 50% adhered to the surface of aluminium alloy. So the external dimension of the product becomes bigger and the inner hole becomes smaller after hard anodizing.


Differences in operating conditions
1-The temperature is different. White anodizing is at 18 to 22 ℃ or so, sometimes can reach 30 ℃. High temperature may cause powder or cracks; Hard anodized generally at below 5 ℃. Relatively speaking, the lower the temperature, the harder it is.
2-Electrolyte Concentration difference: Solution concentration of White anodizing is about 20%, but hard anodizing’s is usually at 15% or lower.
Current and voltage differences: White anodizing current density is generally 1-1.5a /dm2 and voltage is no more than 18V; But hard anodizing: current density is 1.5-5a /dm2 and voltage sometimes as high as 120V.

Differences in film performance
1-Film thickness: White anodizing film thickness is relatively thin; hard anodizing film layer is generally more than 15 μm.
Surface state: White anodizing surface is smooth, while the hard anodizing surface is rough (micro, related to the surface roughness of the matrix).
2-The porosity is different: White anodizing porosity is high and hard anodizing’s is low.
3-White anodizing is basically transparent film, and hard anodizing is opaque because of its thick film.
4-Applicable for different occasions: White anodizing is suitable for decoration, while hard anodizing is mainly used for wear resistance and power resistance.


Victory Aluminum is professional manufacturer of aluminum products,please contact us at homepage:www.vametalsupply.com , email:sales@vametalsupply.com

Share this post